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The Role of Personality in Russia’s History

The survey took place between 21 and 24 November 2014 and was conducted throughout all of Russia in both urban and rural settings. The survey was carried out among 1600 people over the age of 18 in 134 localities of 46 of the country’s regions. The answer distribution is presented as percentages of the number of participants along with data from previous surveys. The statistical error of these studies does not exceed 3.4%.

Do you think the following leaders brought more good or more bad to Russia?

 

Nicholas II

Grigory Rasputin

Vladimir Lenin

Lev Trotsky

“The Whites” during the Civil War

Definitely more good

12

4

10

2

2

Probably more good

40

19

36

15

13

Probably more bad

13

26

21

27

29

Definitely more bad

3

10

10

10

15

It is difficult to say

32

41

23

47

42

Do you believe that the Brezhnev era was a period of positive development for the country or a period of stagnation, which eventually led to the collapse of the Soviet Union?

 

Dec.

06

Dec.

07

Dec.

09

Dec.

10

Dec.

11

Nov.

14

At first, it was a period of positive development,

but it then turned into a period of stagnation,

which led to the collapse of the Soviet Union

23

26

24

24

28

28

It was a period of positive development

for the country

24

17

19

20

16

22

That era brought serious problems to the country,

but the collapse of the Soviet Union

was brought about by Gorbachev

and the “democrats”

18

18

19

17

17

19

It was a period of stagnation

that led to the collapse of the Soviet Union

20

24

22

20

24

18

It is difficult to say

14

15

16

19

15

14

The survey took place between 19 and 22 December 2014 and was conducted throughout all of Russia in both urban and rural settings. The survey was carried out among 1600 people over the age of 18 in 134 localities of 46 of the country’s regions. The answer distribution is presented as percentages of the number of participants along with data from previous surveys. The statistical error of these studies does not exceed 3.4%.

What role do you believe that Stalin played in everyday life in our country?

 

Dec.

06

Oct.

08

Dec.

09

Dec.

10

Mar.

11

Feb.

13

Dec.

14

Definitely a positive role

9

8

10

11

8

9

16

Probably a positive role

33

33

39

40

37

40

36

Probably a negative role

26

27

23

21

25

22

21

Definitely a negative role

11

10

9

9

10

10

9

It is difficult to say

22

21

19

19

20

19

19

What are your feelings towards Boris Yeltsin?

 

Dec.

00

Dec.

02

Dec.

06

Dec.

10

Dec.

14

Very positive

2

2

1

3

4

Mostly positive

7

8

7

14

7

Neutral

32

34

39

42

38

Mostly negative

29

28

28

21

24

Very negative

27

26

20

14

16

It is difficult to say

4

2

5

7

11

Translated by the Graduate Initiative in Russian Studies, Monterey Institute of International Studies. 

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