- Levada-Center - https://www.levada.ru -

Russia–Ukraine relations

This survey took place 27-30 May 2016 and was conducted throughout all of Russia in both urban and rural settings. The survey was carried out among 1600 people over the age of 18 in 137 localities of 48 of the country’s regions.  The survey was conducted as a personal interview in respondents’ homes. The answer distribution is presented as percentages of the number of participants along with data from previous surveys. The statistical error of these studies does not exceed 3.4% for indicators around 50%.

Results of public opinion study, demonstrating the opinions of Ukrainians, belong to the Kiev International Institute of Sociology (KIIS) [1].

HAVE YOU BEEN FOLLOWING CURRENT EVENTS IN UKRAINE?  (Russians’ opinions – data from Levada-Center)

Very closely Somewhat closely Not very closely Not at all Haven’t heard about this
May 16 8 29 46 16 1
Mar.16 7 33 43 16 1
Feb.16 9 29 43 17 2
Jan.16 8 25 48 16 4
Nov.15 10 27 46 16 2
Oct.15 9 32 42 16 1
Sept.15 12 31 43 12 2
Aug.15 13 32 41 14 1
Jul.15 15 36 38 11 1
Jun.15 18 36 35 10 1
May.15 13 37 37 11 2
Apr.15 14 33 38 14 <1
Mar.15 17 40 34 8 1
Feb.15 15 43 33 9 1
Jan.15 16 43 35 5 1
Dec.14 13 35 41 9 1
Nov.14 15 37 36 11 1
Aug.14 15 49 30 6 1
Jul.14 16 48 29 5 1
Jun.14 20 45 29 6 1
May.14 12 46 34 8 1
Apr.14 12 48 30 10 1
Mar.14 18 46 29 4 3
Feb.14 13 44 31 9 4
Jan.14 9 35 40 10 6
Dec.13 4 21 40 17 18

DO YOU SUPPORT CRIMEA JOINING RUSSIA? (Russians’ opinions – data from Levada-Center)

Definitely yes Probably yes Probably no Definitely no It is difficult to say
May 16 57 31 8 2 3
Feb.16 45 37 10 3 5
Jan.16 47 36 9 4 4
Nov.15 48 35 11 3 3
Sept.15 54 30 9 3 4
Aug.15 50 33 10 2 5
Jul.15 51 33 8 3 4
May.15 56 29 7 2 6
Apr.15 55 34 6 2 4
Mar.15 55 33 6 2 4
Feb.15 52 32 9 3 4
Jan.15 50 34 8 4 4
Dec.14 50 36 7 3 4
Nov.14 53 31 6 5 6
Oct.14 55 31 7 2 5
May.14 54 36 4 1 5
Mar.14 57 31 6 1 4

DO YOU SUPPORT CRIMEA JOINING RUSSIA? (Ukrainians’ opinions – data from KIIS)

  Feb.16
Definitely yes 5
Probably yes 5
Probably no 18
Definitely no 62
It is difficult to say 11

 HOW WOULD YOU CHARACTERIZE THE CURRENT SITUATION IN EASTERN UKRAINE? (Russians’ opinions – data from Levada-Center)

Oct.15 Nov.15 Jan.16 Feb.16 May 16
Good 1 4 2 1 1
Calm 11 11 10 7 8
Tense 64 60 65 70 66
Critical, volatile 15 19 14 18 17
It is difficult to say 9 7 9 5 8

IN YOUR OPINION, HOW WILL THE SITUATION IN EASTERN UKRAINE CHANGE OVER THE COURSE OF THE COMING YEAR? (Russians’ opinions – data from Levada-Center)

Nov.15 Jan.16 Feb.16 May 16
Improve 14 13 13 9
Worsen 24 27 22 25
Remain the same 46 44 51 52
It is difficult to say 15 16 13 14

IN YOUR OPINION, ARE RUSSIANS AND UKRAINIANS ONE NATIONALITY OR TWO DIFFERENT NATIONALITIES?* (N=800)

Nov.

04

Nov.

05

Dec.

06

Jan.

07*

Nov.

07

Dec.

13

Mar.

14

Mar.

15

Sept.

15

May.

16

One nationality 79 81 53 76 49 43 56 52 46 49
Two different nationalities 18 17 41 21 46 50 38 40 47 43
It is difficult to say 3 2 6 3 5 7 6 9 7 8

 * In 2004-2005 and January 2007 this question was given in the following formula: “ARE RUSSIANS, UKRAINIANS, AND BELARUSIANS THREE DIFFERENT NATIONALITIES OR THREE BRANCHES OF THE SAME NATIONALITY?”

WITH WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING OPINIONS ON RUSSIAN-UKRAINE RELATIONS WOULD YOU MOST AGREE? (Russians’ opinions – data from Levada-Center)

Russia’s relations with Ukraine should be the same as with other countries –  with closed borders, visas,  customs Russia and Ukraine should be independent but friendly nations – with open borders, no visas or customs

Russia and Ukraine should unite

into one state

It is difficult to say
May 16 36 53 7 4
Jan.16 32 52 11 5
Sept.15 25 59 8 7
May 15 30 54 10 6
Jan.15 33 52 8 8
Sept.14 26 62 7 5
May.14 28 54 12 6
Mar.14 16 50 28 7
Jan.14 19 59 16 6
Oct.13 23 55 16 6
May.13 19 58 15 8
Jan.13 13 64 18 6
Sept.12 14 60 20 6
May.12 17 62 14 7
Jan.12 16 61 16 8
Sept.11 16 63 14 6
May.11 16 64 15 5
Jan.11 20 61 13 6
Sept.10 16 60 18 6
May.10 17 64 13 6
Jan.10 25 55 14 6
Sept.09 25 55 13 7
May.09 25 55 14 6
Jan.09 29 51 12 8
Sept.08 24 52 13 11
Mar.08 19 56 19 6

HOW WOULD YOU LIKE TO SEE UKRAINE’S RELATIONS WITH RUSSIA? (Ukrainians’ opinions – data from KIIS)

 

Relations should include

 closed borders, visas, customs

Relations should include

 open borders, no visas or customs

Ukraine and Russian should unite

 into one state

It is difficult to say
May 16 44 44 3 9
Feb.16 43 43 4 11
Sept.15 46 45 2 7
May.15 45 46 2 7
Feb.15 48 43 4 6
Dec.14 50 42 3 5
Sept.14 45 44 5 6
Apr.14 32 54 8 5
Feb.14 15 68 12 5
Nov.13 12 73 9 6
May.13 11 69 14 5
Feb.13 13 68 16 3
Sept.12 11 72 14 3
Feb.12 13 69 16 2
Nov.11 13 67 16 2
Oct.10 10 67 20 2
Jun.10 12 70 16 2
Mar.10 11 67 19 3
Jan.10 8 66 22 4
Oct.09 11 67 19 3
May.09 10 65 23 2
Feb.09 8 68 23 1
Sept.08 17 66 16 2
Apr.08 10 67 20 3

OVERALL, WHAT IS YOUR CURRENT ATTITUDE TOWARD UKRAINE? (Russians’ opinions – data from Levada-Center)

Very positive Mostly positive Mostly negative Very negative It is difficult to say
27-30 May 2016 4 35 37 10 13
22-25 May 2016 2 24 45 18 12
Mar.16 2 23 42 22 11
Jan.16 2 26 37 22 14
Nov.15 2 25 42 21 10
Sept.15 4 29 36 20 11
May.15 3 23 36 23 14
Mar.15 3 28 34 21 13
Nov.14 3 25 40 19 12
Sept.14 3 29 39 16 13
May.14 5 30 33 16 17
Mar.14 6 46 28 9 11
Sept.13 7 62 20 3 8
Mar.13 8 61 19 3 9
Sept.12 8 66 14 3 10

OVERALL, WHAT IS YOUR CURRENT ATTITUDE TOWARD RUSSIA? (Ukrainians’ opinions – data from KIIS)

  Very positive Mostly positive Mostly negative Very negative It is difficult to say
May 16 9 33 29 14 15
Feb.16 9 27 28 19 16
Sept.15 9 25 22 31 13
May 15 5 25 25 32 14
Feb.15 7 27 24 27 15
Dec.14 7 29 26 22 16
Sept.14 14 34 23 19 11
Apr.14 17 35 19 19 10
Feb.14 27 51 11 2 9
Sept.13 34 54 7 2 4
Feb.13 32 53 6 1 6
Sept.12 34 49 8 3 6

WHAT DO YOU THINK ABOUT EASTERN UKRAINE’S (DONETSK, LUGANSK REGIONS) POLITICAL FUTURE? WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING VERSIONS WOULD YOU PREFER?

 

 

2014 2015 2016
III IV V VI VII VIII IX XI XII I II VI V
I would like for Eastern Ukraine to become part of the Russian Federation 48 35 26 25 23 21 16 17 13 19 15 19 22
I would like for Eastern Ukraine to become an independent state 12 25 36 39 41 40 46 43 40 43 41 39 38
I would like for Eastern Ukraine to remain part of Ukraine, but with greater independence from Kiev 17 21 17 19 17 18 21 18 25 17 21 24 20
I would like for Eastern Ukraine to remain part of Ukraine under the same conditions as before the crisis 8 6 6 5 7 6 5 6 6 4 7 4 6
It is difficult to say 15 13 15 12 12 16 13 16 16 17 16 15 15

WITH WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING SEGMENTS OF THE POPULATION WOULD YOU MOST LIKELY ASSOCIATE YOURSELF?

Inhabitant of Russia (Levada-Center) Inhabitant of Ukraine (KIIS)
We don’t even have enough money for food 3 18
We have enough money for food, but not for clothes 18 50
We have enough money for food and clothes, but more expensive purchases, like a television or refrigerator, are problematic 54 29
We can purchase some expensive items, like a refrigerator or television, but we cannot afford a car 21 2
We can afford a car, but can’t say that money isn’t tight 3 <1
We can afford anything <1
No answer 1 1

Translated by Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey (formerly  Monterey Institute of International Studies).

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