Press-releases

Homophobia

The survey took place between 27 and 30 March 2015 and was conducted throughout all of Russia in both urban and rural settings. The survey was carried out among 800 people over the age of 18 in 134 localities of 46 of the country’s regions. The answer distribution is presented as percentages of the number of participants along with data from previous surveys. The statistical error of these studies does not exceed 4.1%.

WHAT DO YOU PERSOANLLY THINK: IN PRINCIPLE, HOMOSEXUALITY IS… (one answer)

 

Feb. 13

Mar. 15

An illness, which must be medically treated

34

37

The result of a bad upbringing; promiscuity; bad habits

17

26

The result of sexual seduction or abuse (in the family, on the street, in an institution)

23

13

A sexual orientation from birth, which merits the same rights as heterosexual orientation

16

11

It is difficult to say

10

14

IN YOUR OPINION, HOMOSEXUALS SHOULD BE… (one answer)

Apr. 13

Mar. 15

Prosecuted

13

18

Medically treated

38

37

Helped so they can live with dignity

8

7

Left in peace

31

25

It is difficult to say

10

13

IN YOUR OPINION, HOMOSEXUALS SHOULD BE… (distribution of answers based on respondents’ education level)

 

All

Higher

Secondary

Lower than secondary

Prosecuted

18

12

19

22

Medically treated

37

43

37

28

Helped so they can live with dignity

7

7

7

11

Left in peace

25

26

26

22

It is difficult to say

13

12

12

17

HOW DO YOU PERSONALLY RELATE TOWARDS HOMOSEXUALS AND LESBIANS? (one answer)*

June 03

Feb. 13

Mar. 15

Kindly

1

1

1

With interest

1

3

2

Calmly, without any particular emotion

45

23

26

Apprehensively

11

22

19

With annoyance

16

20

22

With disgust or fear

21

26

24

It is difficult to say

5

6

5

HOW DO YOU PERSONALLY RELATE TOWARDS HOMOSEXUALS AND LESBIANS? (one answer)*

 

 

Respondents, who consider homosexuality…

A disease

“An involuntary

deviation”

A sexual orientation

meriting the right to exist

HOW DO YOU PERSONALLY RELATE TOWARDS HOMOSEXUALS AND LESBIANS? (one answer)

Kindly

2

1

3

With interest

2

2

3

Calmly, without any particular emotion

22

21

59

Apprehensively

15

23

17

With annoyance

22

24

12

With disgust or fear

35

25

6

It is difficult to say

2

4

<1

HOW DO YOU PERSONALLY RELATE TOWARDS TRANSSEXUALS?

 

May 14

Favorably

2

Tolerantly

6

Without any particular emotion

23

Irritably

30

Indignantly

36

It is difficult to say

3

IN YOUR OPINION, DO ADULTS HAVE THE RIGHT – WHEN MUTUALLY CONSENTED – TO ENGAGE IN RELATIONS WITH SOMEONE OF THE SAME GENDER?

 

Feb. 13

Mar. 15

Definitely yes

5

2

Probably yes

18

17

Probably no

25

23

Definitely no

35

35

It is difficult to say

17

23

IN YOUR OPINION, DO ADULTS HAVE THE RIGHT – WHEN MUTUALLY CONSENTED – TO ENGAGE IN RELATIONS WITH SOMEONE OF THE SAME GENDER?

 

 

Respondents, who consider homosexuality…

A disease

“An involuntary

deviation”

A sexual orientation

meriting the right to exist

IN YOUR OPINION, DO ADULTS HAVE THE RIGHT – WHEN MUTUALLY CONSENTED –

TO ENGAGE IN RELATIONS WITH SOMEONE OF THE SAME GENDER?

Definitely yes

1

2

9

Probably yes

13

13

41

Probably no

27

20

25

Definitely no

41

43

8

It is difficult to say

18

22

18

HOW WOULD YOU FEEL IF SAME SEX MARRIAGES WERE PERMITTED IN RUSSIA?

 

Apr. 05

July 10

July 12

Feb. 13

Mar. 15

Entirely positively

4

3

3

1

1

Somewhat positively

11

11

7

4

6

Somewhat negatively

29

30

28

23

26

Entirely negatively

45

54

49

62

58

It is difficult to say

12

4

13

10

9

 

 

All

Respondents

who do not know

anything about

the LGBT movement

Respondents

who do know

about

the LGBT movement

HOW WOULD YOU REACT IF A HOMOSEXUAL OR LESBIAN COUPLE MOVED IN NEXT

TO YOU?

Positively

<1

<1

<1

Without any emotion

29

27

33

Apprehensively

25

20

33

Extremely negatively

41

49

29

It is difficult to say

5

4

5

HOW WOULD YOU REACT IF YOU HAD TO WORK TOGETHER WITH HOMOSEXUALS

OR LESBIANS?

Positively

<1

     <1

1

Without any emotion

27

25

31

Apprehensively

22

18

28

Extremely negatively

44

51

33

It is difficult to say

7

5

8

HOW WOULD YOU REACT IF ONE OF YOUR CLOSE FRIENDS CAME OUT AS GAY

OR LESBIAN?

Positively

1

<1

<1

Without any emotion

21

20

23

Apprehensively

20

16

26

Extremely negatively

48

55

39

It is difficult to say

10

8

13

 

 

All

Respondents

who do not know

anything about

the LGBT movement

Respondents

who do know

about

the LGBT movement

IN YOUR OPINION, ARE PEOPLE OF NON-TRADITIONAL SEXUAL ORIENTATION

SUBJECTED TO PHYSICAL VIOLENCE (ASSAULT, MURDER, ETC.) IN RUSSIA OR NOT?

Yes

29

26

36

No

37

38

36

It is difficult to say

34

36

28

IN YOUR OPINION, ARE PEOPLE OF NON-TRADITIONAL SEXUAL ORIENTATION

DISCRIMINATED AGAINST (PSYCHOLOGICAL PRESSURE, INFRINGEMENT OF RIGHTS, ETC.)

IN RUSSIA OR NOT?

Yes

32

26

44

No

33

36

28

It is difficult to say

36

38

28

IN YOUR OPINION, CAN THE FOLLOWING BE CONSIDERED HOMOSEXUAL PROPAGANDA:

 

Definitely yes

Probably yes

Probably no

Definitely no

It is difficult to say

Talk shows, television programs, and articles on lifestyles of sexual minorities?

Feb. 13

37

38

14

4

6

Mar. 15

38

42

12

4

5

Personal communications with representatives of sexual minorities?

Feb. 13

24

26

32

8

11

Mar. 15

27

31

23

9

10

Educational programs that talk about the nature of homosexuality?

Feb. 13

32

33

23

5

8

Mar. 15

33

34

20

7

6

Meetings and rallies in defense of rights for sexual minorities?

Feb. 13

47

34

9

4

5

Mar. 15

50

34

7

4

5

Books and movies about same-sex relationships?

Feb. 13

41

33

15

4

7

Mar. 15

42

37

12

5

5

gay pride parades?

Feb. 13

56

27

7

4

6

Mar. 15

59

28

6

3

4

Upbringing in a family where both parents are the same gender?

Feb. 13

50

28

9

4

8

Mar. 15

51

30

8

5

7

Public displays of affection between homosexuals (kissing, hugging)?

Feb. 13

54

30

8

5

5

Mar. 15

55

30

7

4

4

ARE ANY OF YOUR AQUAINTANCES GAY OR LESBIAN?*

 

June 03

Feb. 13

Mar. 15

Yes

8

7

5

No

90

86

91

Refuse to answer

3

6

4

*In 2003, research was conducted in cities with populations of 20,000 and more. Thus, in 2013 and 2015, the same conditions were met.

ARE YOU AWARE OF THE EXISTENCE IN RUSSIA OF THE “LESBIAN, GAY, BISEXUAL, AND TRANSEXUAL” (LGBT) MOVEMENT, WHICH FIGHTS FOR THE RIGHTS OF SEXUAL MINORITIES?

 

Feb. 13

Mar. 15

I don’t know about the LGBT movement, and I’m not interested in it

58

56

I don’t know about the LGBT movement, but I’d like to learn more

4

4

I’ve heard something about the LGBT movement, but I’m not interested in it

28

35

I’ve heard of the LGBT movement and would like to take part in its rallies

1

1

I know about the LGBT movement and I am involved in its activities

2

<1

It is difficult to say

7

4

WHAT WOULD YOUR ATTITUDE BE TOWARD A LAW BANNING HOMOSEXUAL PROPAGANDA?

 

Feb. 13

Mar. 15

Positive

52

63

Mostly positive

15

14

Mostly negative

6

6

Negative

8

9

I’m not interested in this

14

7

It is difficult to say

5

3

IN YOUR OPINION, WHAT IS THE PRIMARY MOTIVATION BEHIND ENACTING A BAN ON “HOMOSEXUAL PROPAGANDA”?

 

Feb. 13

Mar. 15

Concern for the population’s morals; strengthening moral values

60

67

An attempt to divert public attention from corruption scandals; reduce confidence in the authorities; and increase opposition activity

18

14

An attempt to divide society; ignite hostile sentiments in people against those who are different

8

7

It is difficult to say

14

12

Translated by Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey (formerly  Monterey Institute of International Studies).