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Leaders of Russia

This survey took place between 20-23 January 2017 and was conducted throughout all of Russia in both urban and rural settings. The survey was carried out among 1600 people over the age of 18 in 137 localities of 48 of the country’s regions.  The survey was conducted as a personal interview in respondents’ homes. The answer distribution is presented as percentages of the number of participants along with data from previous surveys.

The statistical error of these studies for a selection of 1600 people (with a probability of 0.95) does not exceed:

                3.4% for indicators around 50%

                2.9% for indicators around 25%/75%

                2.0% for indicators around 10%/90%

                1.5% for indicators around 5%/95%

 OVERALL, WHAT IS YOUR ATTITUDE TOWARDS LENIN? (one answer)

  Apr.01 Apr.06 Jan.17
Admiration 7 4 4
Respect 39 31 26
Like him 14 12 14
Indifferent 24 28 34
Distaste, anger 8 11 7
Fear 1 1 1
Disgust, hate 2 4 2
It is difficult to say 6 10 12

OVERALL, WHAT IS YOUR ATTITUDE TOWARDS STALIN? (one answer)

  Apr.01 Apr.06 Oct.08 Feb.10 Oct.12 Mar.14 Mar.15 Mar.16 Jan.17
Admiration 4 5 1 2 1 3 2 2 4
Respect 27 23 22 23 21 28 30 28 32
Like him 7 8 8 7 6 9 7 7 10
Indifferent 12 19 37 38 33 30 30 32 22
Distaste, anger 18 18 12 12 12 10 9 9 12
Fear 16 15 7 7 7 6 6 5 7
Disgust, hate 9 5 4 5 4 3 5 3 2
Don’t know who Stalin was -* -* -* -* 1 1 -* 1 -*
It is difficult to say/no answer 6 8 10 7 16 11 11 14 10

OVERALL, WHAT IS YOUR ATTITUDE TOWARDS KHRUSHCHEV? (one answer)

  Apr.01 Apr.06 Jan.17
Admiration 2 1 1
Respect 12 12 12
Like him 16 15 15
Indifferent 49 49 45
Distaste, anger 10 12 14
Fear 1 1 1
Disgust, hate 1 2 2
It is difficult to say 8 9 12

OVERALL, WHAT IS YOUR ATTITUDE TOWARDS BREZHNEV? (one answer)

  Apr.01 Apr.06 Jan.17
Admiration 3 2 2
Respect 23 18 22
Like him 18 19 23
Indifferent 36 44 35
Distaste, anger 11 10 7
Fear <1 1 1
Disgust, hate 2 1 1
It is difficult to say 6 6 10

OVERALL, WHAT IS YOUR ATTITUDE TOWARDS ANDROPOV? (one answer)

  Apr.01 Apr.06 Jan.17
Admiration 7 5 2
Respect 35 26 20
Like him 14 16 15
Indifferent 30 36 42
Distaste, anger 2 5 6
Fear 3 2 2
Disgust, hate 1 <1 1
It is difficult to say 9 10 14

OVERALL, WHAT IS YOUR ATTITUDE TOWARDS MIKHAIL GORBACHEV NOW? (one answer)

  Apr.01 Jan.05 Feb.06 Apr.06 Mar.10 Mar.11 Mar.15 Jan.17
Admiration 2 <1 <1 1 1 2 2 1
Respect 14 9 8 8 8 9 6 7
Gratitude -* 2 2 -* 2 3 2 -*
Like him 16 6 8 11 6 4 3 7
Indifferent 23 45 49 32 47 47 44 30
Anger -* 11 9 31 10 9 11 30
Distaste 31 12 11 13 10 14
Contempt -* 4 3 -* 3 5 4 -*
Fear 1 -* -* 2 -* -* -* 3
Disgust, Hate 10 7 5 12 3 4 7 13
It is difficult to say 5 5 5 5 7 8 9 9

OVERALL, WHAT IS YOUR ATTITUDE TOWARDS YELTSIN? (one answer)

  Apr.01 Apr.06 Jan.17
Admiration <1 1 <1
Respect 7 5 8
Like him 7 6 8
Indifferent 23 27 28
Distaste, anger 38 37 30
Fear 1 2 3
Disgust, hate 21 18 15
It is difficult to say 3 4 8

OVERALL, WHAT IS YOUR ATTITUDE TOWARDS PUTIN? (one answer)

  Apr.01 Apr.06 Jan.17
Admiration 6 9 14
Respect 42 45 49
Like him 25 22 20
Indifferent 12 13 10
Distaste, anger 4 6 3
Fear 1 <1 <1
Disgust, hate <1 1 1
It is difficult to say 8 4 3

Translated by Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey (formerly  Monterey Institute of International Studies).

ANO Levada Center has been included in the register of noncommercial organizations acting as foreign agents. See the Director of the Levada Center’s statement of disagreement with this decision here.