Ukraine

The survey took place between 24 and 27 October 2014 and was conducted throughout all of Russia in both urban and rural settings. The survey was carried out among 1600 people age 18 and over in 134 localities of 46 of the country’s regions. The answer distribution is presented as percentages of the number of participants along with data from previous surveys. The statistical error of these studies does not exceed 3.4%.

WHAT ARE YOUR FEELINGS ABOUT RUSSIAN POLICY IN REGARD TO UKRAINE?

 

21-24
March
2014

Apr.14

Aug.14

Sep.14

Oct.14

feeling of the triumph of justice

31

30

30

7

10

pride for the country

34

38

37

18

18

joy

19

23

16

4

4

approval

47

46

40

39

44

disapproval

3

3

3

7

6

protest, indignation

1

<1

2

4

3

shame, despair

<1

<1

1

2

3

anxiety, fear

3

3

3

13

12

no specific feelings

7

11

9

17

16

it is difficult to say

1

2

2

7

6

* In March, April and August, the questions was given with the following wording: “What are your feelings about the Russian government’s decision to unify Crimea with the Russian Federation?”

IN YOUR OPINION, WHAT GOALS IS VLADIMIR PUTIN PURSUING IN HIS POLICY TOWARDS UKRAINE? (various answers possible)

 

Jul.14

Sep.14

Oct.14

Protect military-strategic and geopolitical interests of Russia, save the naval base in Sevastopol, prevent the expansion of NATO

51

43

46

Protect the Russian population in the southern and eastern regions of Ukraine that is threatened by Ukrainian nationalists

44

38

43

Prevent mass unrest, social destabilization, and the weakening of the Russian state, as happened in Ukraine

27

25

31

Protect the economic interests of Russia, prevent the economic integration of Ukraine into Europe

30

30

29

Prevent the development of similar events in Russia as happened in Ukraine - a popular uprising against the corrupt regime

22

20

28

Something else

<1

<1

1

It is difficult to say

5

7

6

WITH WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING OPINIONS WOULD YOU MOST LIKELY AGREE?   

 

Jul.14

Oct.14

The Russian government should focus primarily on solving social and economic problems in Russia itself, and not to interfere in events in Ukraine

55

50

Geopolitical and strategic interests of Russia today are more important than domestic economic and social problems in Russia

31

36

It is difficult to say

14

14

WITH WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS REGARDING WESTERN CRITICISMS OF RUSSIAN POLICY TOWARDS UKRAINE WOULD YOU MOST LIKELY AGREE?

Criticism from Western countries is not entirely unfounded, Russia should maintain a less aggressive policy

13

The West will be unhappy no matter what Russia does, so you should not pay attention to their claims

79

It is difficult to say

9

DO YOU THINK THAT RUSSIA BEARS RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE BLOODSHED AND DEATH IN EASTERN UKRAINE?

 

1-4 Aug.

22-25 Aug.

Oct.14

Definitively yes

5

5

5

Mostly yes

13

12

15

Mostly no

25

25

32

Definitively no

50

50

38

It is difficult to say

7

8

10

DO YOU YOURSELF FEEL RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE BLOODSHED AND DEATH IN EASTERN UKRAINE?

 

1-4 Aug.

22-25 Aug.

Oct.14

Definitively yes

2

2

3

Mostly yes

9

7

5

Mostly no

19

22

27

Definitively no

62

64

58

It is difficult to say

8

5

7

DO YOU THINK THAT RUSSIAN REPRESENTATIVES ALONG WITH THE GOVERNMENTS OF THE DONETSK AND LUHANSK PEOPLE’S REPUBLICS SHOULD TAKE PART IN NEGOTIATIONS WITH THE UKRAINIAN GOVERNMENT CONCERNING THE FUTURE OF UKRAINE’S EASTERN PROVINCES (NOVOROSSIA)?

definitively yes

17

mostly yes

40

mostly no

17

definitively no

5

it is difficult to say

21

DO YOU THINK THAT THE UKRAINIAN GOVERNMENT SHOULD INVITE RUSSIAN REPRESENTATIVES TO PARTICIPATE IN TALKS WITH THE GOVERNMENTS OF THE DONETSK AND LUHANSK PEOPLE’S REPUBLICS CONCERNING THE FUTURE OF UKRAINE’S EASTERN PROVINCES (NOVOROSSIA)?   

definitively yes

20

mostly yes

40

mostly no

16

definitively no

3

it is difficult to say

21

WHY DO YOU THINK THAT THE UKRAINIAN GOVERNMENT AND A SIGNIFICANT PART OF UKRAINIANS THINK THAT PUTIN’S GOVERNMENT IS WAGING A REAL WAR AGAINST UKRAINE?

because Ukrainian politicians and the media lead them to believe so 

65

because they have always believed that Russia is hostile towards Ukraine

17

because whatever politicians say in Russia, it is true and is backed up by many eyewitness accounts

10

it is difficult to say

8

DO YOU THINK THAT THE CEASEFIRE DECLARED IN EASTERN UKRAINE AFTER THE AGREEMENTS IN MINSK WILL LEAD TO THE END OF MILITARY OPERATIONS IN UKRAINE?   

yes, I am sure of it

2

yes, I would like to hope so

32

no, I doubt it

40

no, I don’t believe that at all

16

it is difficult to say

10

IF MILITARY OPERATIONS ARE RENEWED, WHO WILL MOST BEAR RESPONSIBILITY FOR IT?

the Ukrainian leadership, which, from the outset, was planning to resume military operations against the militias to completely suppress separatism

55

the governments of the US and Western countries, who are pushing Ukrainian authorities towards a military solution of the conflict

39

radical nationalist parties and movements that are putting pressure on the Ukrainian President and Parliament, demanding the destruction of the separatists

34

DPR and LPR militia leaders, who are not willing to compromise with the Ukrainian government and aspire to renew hostilities against the Ukrainian side

5

the Russian government, which while advocating for peace in words, is actually pushing the separatists towards a military solution of the conflict

3

something else

1

it is difficult to say

9

IN YOUR OPINION, TO WHAT EXTENT IS IT TRUE THAT REGULAR PEOPLE IN THE DONETSK AND LUGANSK DISTRICTS SUPPORT THE DPR AND LPR LESS AND LESS, AND THAT THEY ASPIRE FIRST AND FOREMOST NOT TO INDEPENDENCE BUT TO THE ESTABLISHMENT OF PEACE?  

absolutely untrue

9

mostly untrue

29

mostly true

29

true on the whole

6

it is difficult to say

27

Translated by the Graduate Initiative in Russian Studies, Monterey Institute of International Studies.