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Necessary family expenses

This survey was carried out July 18–24, 2019 with a representative sample of all Russian urban and rural residents. The sample comprised 1608 people age 18 or older from 137 localities in 50 regions of the Russian Federation. The survey was conducted as a personal interview in respondents’ homes. The answer distribution is presented as percentages of the number of participants along with data from previous surveys.

The statistical error of these studies for a selection of 1600 people (with a probability of 0.95) does not exceed:

3.4% for indicators around 50%
2.9% for indicators around 25%/75%
2.0% for indicators around 10%/90%
1.5% for indicators around 5%/95%

Table 1. WHICH FAMILY NECESSITIES SHOULD A FAMILY LIKE YOURS HAVE ENOUGH MONEY FOR IN ORDER TO LIVE COMFORTABLY?  (respondents were presented with a card with a list of answers from which they could choose more than one answer and/or write in their own; ranked in descending order according to July 2019)

  Dec. 17 Jul. 19
Balanced and quality nutrition 81 77
Ongoing housing payments (utilities, rent payments) 58 62
Clothing, shoes 64 55
Medical treatment, buying medicine 44 51
Health lifestyle, physical activity, preventative care 22 19
Education, additional courses and training 16 17
Housing repair and upkeep, buying furniture 23 17
Vacation and travel away from one’s permanent residence 22 17
The opportunity to financially support others (relatives, children, etc.) 12 12
Appliances and electronics, durable goods 17 11
Buying an apartment, dacha, or house 17 11
Buying a car 15 9
Ongoing expenditures on transport — public and private 12 7
Leisure and entertainment in your place of residence 11 6
Other (“all of the above,” “taxes,” etc.) 1 1
It is difficult to say 2 1

Table 2. Distribution of answers in relation to the median value of per capita income (ranked in descending order according to the column “total sample”)

Total sample Median and lower Higher than median
Balanced and quality nutrition 77 76 77
Ongoing housing payments (utilities, rent payments) 62 68 58
Clothing, shoes 55 54 55
Medical treatment, buying medicine 51 57 46
Health lifestyle, physical activity, preventative care 19 17 21
Education, additional courses and training 17 18 16
Housing repair and upkeep, buying furniture 17 17 18
Vacation and travel away from one’s permanent residence 17 13 20
The opportunity to financially support others (relatives, children, etc.) 12 13 12
Appliances and electronics, durable goods 11 8 14
Buying an apartment, dacha, or house 11 10 12
Buying a car 9 5 12
Ongoing expenditures on transport — public and private 7 7 7
Leisure and entertainment in your place of residence 6 5 7
Other 1 1 1
It is difficult to say 1 1 1

Table 3. Distribution of answers in relation to age

  18-24 25-39 40-54 55+
Balanced and quality nutrition 74 75 75 80
Ongoing housing payments (utilities, rent payments) 55 56 60 70
Clothing, shoes 60 55 60 48
Medical treatment, buying medicine 40 43 44 65
Health lifestyle, physical activity, preventative care 26 21 19 15
Education, additional courses and training 28 23 21 6
Housing repair and upkeep, buying furniture 15 17 19 16
Vacation and travel away from one’s permanent residence 19 19 19 12
The opportunity to financially support others (relatives, children, etc.) 11 10 13 14
Buying an apartment, dacha, or house 16 18 10 5
Appliances and electronics, durable goods 17 10 11 10
Buying a car 13 11 9 4
Ongoing expenditures on transport — public and private 11 8 8 6
Leisure and entertainment in your place of residence 11 7 6 4
Other <1 1 2 1
It is difficult to say <1 2 <1 1

Translated by Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey (formerly Monterey Institute of International Studies).

The ANO Levada Center has been included in the registry of non-commercial organizations acting as foreign agents. Read the Director of the Levada Center’s statement of disagreement with this decision here.

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