Press-releases, Publications

Vladimir Putin

21% of Russians sympathize with V. Putin, 8% admire him, 27% cannot say anything bad about him, 9% cannot say anything good about him, 16% are indifferent to him. There are no significant changes compared to 2020.

How would you describe your attitude to Vladimir Putin? (as %% of respondents)

Nov.00Nov.02Nov.05Mar.08Oct.11Mar.13Mar. 14Mar. 15Jul.16Apr.17Oct.19Mar.20Aug. 21
I can’t say anything bad about him36373634333029303127302727
Neutral, indifferent1191110172215101717151616
I can’t say anything good about him4383887364889
Can’t say1112534211132

47% of Russians would like to see Vladimir Putin as president after 2024. 42% would not like that, which is the highest figure since 2013. The changes compared to February 2021 are insignificant.

Would you like to see Vladimir Putin as president of Russia after his current term, after 2024?

As %% of respondents

October 2012October 2013November 2014May 2016October 2016May 2017August 2017May 2018July 2019March 2020February 2021September 2021
Would like343358606366675154464847
Would not like404519211920182738404142
Can’t say26232219191416228141111

Russians aged 55 and older want Putin to be president after 2024 the most (57% are for it, 33% are against it), respondents aged 18-24 want it the least (32% are for it, 57% are against it).

The desire to see V. Putin as president after his current term is most common among people who watch TV (65% are for it, 26% are against it). This desire is the least common among people using social networks (31% and 59% respectively) and Telegram channel followers (29% and 66% respectively).  

40% of Russians believe that V. Putin represents the interests of the “siloviki” – the highest result since 2017. Another 40% believe that he represents the interests of “oligarchs” and big businesses – the highest number in the history of observations. 29% think that V. Putin represents the interests of high-ranking government officials and bureaucracy. At the bottom of this list once again were the poor – 2%, “all people without exception” and the intelligentsia – 9%. 

In your opinion, whose interests are represented by Vladimir Putin? (as %% of respondents)

Sep.00Sep.01Dec. 03Dec.05Oct.10Oct.11Jul.13Aug.14Aug.16Oct.17Mar.20Aug. 21
“Siloviki”: special services, the army, the Interior Ministry393933413438413935413740
“Oligarchs”, bankers, big entrepreneurs161714232635353028313840
Government officials, bureaucracy141615222425302422312829
“Ordinary people”: employees, workers, village workers181723182017111314171617
“middle class”: people with incomes above average191924212725242220231816
Directors and Top Managers: people leading large businesses131310131827231919251714
Yeltsin’s inner circle, “family”191813141113149810812
Cultural and scientific elite6798109910915810
All people without exception91115107101214171796
“Lumpen”: beggars, people on the bottom31111<1111112
Can’t say161812111311101514121311

A quarter of Russians (26%) believe that V. Putin has a personality cult in Russia /  This is the highest figure since 2010 (25%). 21% believe that there is no cult yet, but there are more and more conditions allowing it. 41% believe that there is neither a personality cult nor any signs of it.

Respondents aged 18-24 are most certain about the personality cult of V. Putin in Russia: one third of them (32%) believe it exists, another 30% think there are more and more signs of it. Respondents 55 years and older believe this least of all: half (49%) believe that there is no cult of personality.

Respondents see the main reason for Vladimir Putin’s popularity as in the lack of alternatives: 41% of respondents say that “people do not see who else they could rely on.” Their share has almost doubled over the past six years. Another 27% believe that people hope that Vladimir Putin will be able to cope with the country’s problems in the future, the remaining 22% believe that “people trust Putin because they are convinced that he is successfully managing the problems in the country.” The shares of these two responses have decreased significantly over the past six years.


This survey was conducted September 23 – 29 2021, among a representative sample of all Russian urban and rural residents. The sample consisted of 1634 people aged 18 or older in 137 municipalities of 50 regions of the Russian Federation. The survey was conducted as a personal interview in respondents’ homes. The answer distribution is presented as percentages of the total number of participants along with data from previous surveys.

The statistical error of these studies for a sample of 1600 people (with a probability of 0.95) does not exceed:

3.4% for indicators around 50%

2.9% for indicators around 25%/75%

2.0% for indicators around 10%/90%

1.5% for indicators around 5%/95%

The ANO Levada Center has been included in the registry of non-commercial organizations acting as foreign agents.


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