A third of Russians (34%) have heard in some way about the recognition of Meduza*, TV Rain* and others as foreign agents – 15% know about it, 19% – have heard of it. Two-thirds (65%) have not heard anything about it.
Respondents aged 55 and older are most informed on this issue: 39% have at least heard about the recognition of media as foreign agents. Respondents aged 25-39 are the least informed – 28%.
Followers of Telegram channels know about the recognition of media as foreign agents than others – 58%. The least aware of this are those who prefer television as the main source of information: 30%.
11% of Russians have positive feelings about the recognition of these media as foreign agents, 19% have negative feelings and 66% are indifferent.
Among those who know about the recognition of media as foreign agents, a third (34%) approve of this measure, 42% – disapprove. Among those who first heard about it the numbers are 6% and 12%, respectively.
Since July 2021 the number of Russians believing that the aim of the law on “foreign agents” is to put pressure on independent public organizations has increased: from 40% to 45%. The share of those who believe that the aim of the law is to protect the country from the negative influence of the West has not changed: 37% and 36%, respectively.
Among those who heard about the law “on foreign agents” in 2016, more than half (56%) believed that its meaning was to protect Russia from the negative influence of the West, 26% – to put pressure on independent public organizations in the country. In 2021, the corresponding figures were 43% and 48%.
Meduza and TV Rain / Dozhd are recognized as media performing the functions of a foreign agent on the territory of the Russian Federation.
The ANO Levada Center has been included in the registry of non-commercial organizations acting as foreign agents.