Press-releases

Ideas about Democracy

The survey took place between 27 and 30 March 2015 and was conducted throughout all of Russia in both urban and rural settings. The survey was carried out among 1600 people over the age of 18 in 134 localities of 46 of the country’s regions. The answer distribution is presented as percentages of the number of participants along with data from previous surveys. The statistical error of these studies does not exceed 3.4%.

IN YOUR OPINION, WHAT IS “DEMOCRACY”? (multiple answers given)

 

1995

2000

2001

2004

2005

2007

2009

2010

2012

2015

I

I

VI

II

V

XI

XII

XII

II

III

Freedom of speech, the press, and religion

26

37

39

44

44

44

38

35

47

39

Economic prosperity of the country

21

33

26

31

32

26

39

27

24

27

Order and stability

24

28

24

29

30

30

37

29

24

25

Stringent observance of law

24

29

23

24

24

21

29

21

20

22

Direct election of all senior government officials

7

15

14

18

13

17

13

13

18

20

Opportunity for every person to do what they want

6

10

10

6

10

10

7

8

10

7

Empty talk

14

10

10

11

9

11

5

9

10

6

A guarantee of minority rights

3

5

7

6

6

6

7

8

6

5

Anarchy and absence of authority

5

6

4

6

5

4

3

4

2

4

Majority rule

1

6

4

3

4

3

3

6

6

3

Other

<1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

2

1

It is difficult to say

14

8

6

7

6

5

5

6

5

6

IN YOUR OPINION, WHAT IS DEMOCRACY? (multiple answers given)

 

Jan. 12

Mar. 13

Mar. 14

Mar. 15

A social construct in which everyone, regardless of their social standing, must obey the law

40

32

36

36

A social construct in which the authorities are concerned about the needs of their citizens

36

31

31

34

A social construct in which citizens can freely express their opinions about government affairs

40

31

30

31

A social construct in which all government bodies are elected in alternate and free elections

28

15

21

19

A social construct in which citizens have the opportunity to control government activities

39

27

26

18

A social construct in which citizens are protected from government interference in their personal lives and business

20

13

14

14

Other

2

2

2

1

It is difficult to say

4

10

10

10

IN YOUR OPINION, WHAT IS “ORDER”? (multiple answers given)

 

янв.95

июн.01

май.05

мар.15

Strict observance of the law

33

38

42

44

Political and economic stability of the country

35

36

45

42

Putting an end to plundering and

looting of the country

23

26

34

27

Social protection for the poor

10

23

27

24

The opportunity for each person

to exercise his or her rights

11

16

23

18

Strict discipline

19

26

18

18

An end to the battles among authorities and

fall of the country

26

18

26

17

Involvement of the army and security services

in the fight against crime

9

8

9

4

Limitation of democratic rights and freedoms

<1

1

2

1

A slogan that is the start of the path to dictatorship

1

1

1

1

Other

1

<1

1

1

It is difficult to say

6

2

1

3

IN YOUR OPINION, WHICH IS CURRENTLY MORE IMPORTANT FOR RUSSIA: ORDER OR DEMOCRACY?

 

Feb.

98

Nov.

99

Feb.

00

Apr.

00

Jun.

01

Dec.

04

Dec.

05

Nov.

07

Dec.

09

Dec.

10

Mar.

15

Order – even if achieving this means that some democratic principles are violated and personal freedoms are limited

71

77

72

81

75

75

69

68

59

56

61

Democracy – even if following democratic principles sometimes means granting freedom to destructive and criminal elements

14

14

13

9

8

13

18

18

18

23

21

It is difficult to say

16

8

15

10

17

11

13

15

22

21

18

IN YOUR OPINION, ARE “ORDER” AND “DEMOCRACY” COMPATIBLE IN THE CURRENT CONDITIONS IN RUSSIA?

 

June 01

May 05

Dec. 06

Nov. 07

Dec. 09

Dec. 10

Mar. 15

One is impossible without the other

34

32

43

40

42

36

42

There can be order without democracy, but democracy without order is impossible

14

13

10

12

15

16

17

There can be democracy without order, but order without democracy is impossible

5

6

6

8

5

9

7

There can be order without democracy, or democracy without order

11

12

8

9

8

9

7

One contracts the other

18

18

18

17

12

13

9

It is difficult to say

18

19

16

15

19

16

17

Distribution of answers based on socio-demographic characteristics of respondents look at the PDF file

Translated by Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey (formerly  Monterey Institute of International Studies).

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