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Russia as a Great Power

This survey took place between 18-21 November 2016 and was conducted throughout all of Russia in both urban and rural settings. The survey was carried out among 1600 people over the age of 18 in 137 localities of 48 of the country’s regions.  The survey was conducted as a personal interview in respondents’ homes. The answer distribution is presented as percentages of the number of participants along with data from previous surveys.

The statistical error of these studies for a selection of 1600 people (with a probability of 0.95) does not exceed:

                3.4% for indicators around 50%

                2.9% for indicators around 25%/75%

                2.0% for indicators around 10%/90%

                1.5% for indicators around 5%/95%

 IN YOUR OPINION, WHAT DOES THE IDEA “GREAT POWER” CONSIST OF? (multiple answers)

  Mar.99 Jul.08 Sept.12 Nov.14 Nov.15 May.16 Nov.16
High level of citizens’ standard of living 63 66 61 60 64 41 64
Economic and industrial potential of the country 64 57 55 60 58 39 58
Military might, possession of nuclear missiles 30 37 44 44 51 48 50
High culture, science, art 31 31 27 23 25 27 23
The respect of other countries and international authority 35 24 19 19 20 15 18
Rich natural resources 14 19 21 20 18 25 17
Liberties and civil rights 15 16 17 13 15 10 11
A heroic past 7 10 10 13 9 24 10
Country’s size 4 8 10 16 9 21 10
Population size 2 5 5 6 5 8 5
Other 1 1 1 1 1 <1 <1
It is difficult to say 4 2 2 2 1 3 1

DO YOU THINK THAT RUSSIA TODAY IS A GREAT POWER?

  Mar.99 Oct.01 Nov.05 Nov.06 Nov.07 Nov.10 Nov.11 Nov.15 Nov.16
Definitely yes 12 11 7 12 17 16 11 65 21
Probably yes 19 29 23 31 36 39 36 43
Probably not 34 35 44 36 31 32 35 25 23
Definitely not 31 22 23 16 11 9 11 4
It is difficult to say 4 3 4 5 5 4 6 10 9

WHAT KIND OF GOVERNMENT WOULD YOU LIKE TO SEE IN RUSSIA IN THE FUTURE? (one answer)

  Dec.98 Sept.02 Oct.08 Apr.13 Mar.14 Apr.14 Nov.15 Nov.16
A democratic government with a market economy which respects human rights, similar to the West but with its own unique qualities 29 33 34 33 37 29 31 33
I don’t care what kind of government Russia has, what’s important to me is only how well my family and I live 29 27 29 26 22 29 27 33
A totally unique government with its own unique developmental path 13 14 19 19 18 21 24 16
A socialist government with communist ideology 17 20 10 12 17 13 10 11
An empire, monarchy, similar to pre-1917 Russia 3 3 3 3 2 4 3 3
It is difficult to say 9 3 5 7 5 6 5 4

WHAT PRIMARILY COMES TO MIND WHEN YOU HEAR ABOUT “RUSSIA’S SPECIAL PATH?” (multiple answers)

  Jan.08 Jan.11 Jan.12 Mar.13 Mar.14 Nov.15 Nov.16
Economic development focused on people and not on income and special interests 34 39 42 30 31 20 29
Politics that take into consideration religion and morality 18 19 20 15 19 15 15
The discrepancy between Russian and Western traditions and values 22 16 18 19 23 20 11
Constant and necessary consideration of hostile encirclement and possible attack 9 5 11 8 11 12 9
Citizens’ willingness to make sacrifices for the good of Russia 7 8 7 5 6 8 7
Authorities’ interests taking precedent over those of the people 7 9 7 7 4 5 6
I don’t know what exactly “special path” means, nothing comes to mind 16 15 16 17 15 22 19
Haven’t heard anything about this 11 11 8 11 13 14 14
I dont think Russia should develop differently than other countries 9 6 8 7 6 6 8
It is difficult to say 9 7 6 8 7 5 7

ANO Levada Center has been included in the register of noncommercial organizations acting as foreign agents. See the Director of the Levada Center’s statement of disagreement with this decision here.

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