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Consumer behaviour

This survey took place between 20-23 January 2017 and was conducted throughout all of Russia in both urban and rural settings. The survey was carried out among 1600 people over the age of 18 in 137 localities of 48 of the country’s regions.  The survey was conducted as a personal interview in respondents’ homes. The answer distribution is presented as percentages of the number of participants along with data from previous surveys.

The statistical error of these studies for a selection of 1600 people (with a probability of 0.95) does not exceed:

                3.4% for indicators around 50%

                2.9% for indicators around 25%/75%

                2.0% for indicators around 10%/90%

                1.5% for indicators around 5%/95%

DO YOU AGREE OR DISAGREE WITH THE OPINION THAT RUSSIA IS CURRENTLY EXPERIENCING AN ECONOMIC CRISIS?*

Dec.

14

Mar.

15

Sept.

15

Oct.

15

Dec.

15

Mar.

16

Apr.

16

May.

16

Jun.

16

Jul.

16

Aug.

16

Sept.

16

Oct.

16

Nov.

16

Dec.

16

Jan.

17

Definitely agree 38 28 38 36 43 46 39 47 36 42 39 38 33 36 40 39
Mostly agree 41 46 39 44 39 39 43 35 41 34 41 36 42 43 38 39
Mostly disagree 10 15 14 13 10 7 10 11 14 13 11 15 16 14 13 14
Definitely disagree 2 3 3 2 2 3 2 3 2 3 4 5 4 3 3 3
It is difficult to say 9 7 7 6 6 6 6 4 7 8 6 6 5 5 7 6

 In December 2014 and March 2015 this question was given in the following form: “DO YOU AGREE OR DISAGREE WITH THE OPINION THAT RUSSIA IS BEING DRAGGED INTO AN ECONOMIC CRISIS?”

HOW LONG, IN YOUR OPINION, WILL THIS CRISIS LAST? (as a percentage of those respondents who believe that Russia is currently experiencing an economic crisis; one answer)

Dec.

14

Mar.

15

Sept.

15

Oct.

15

Dec.

15

Mar.

16

Apr.

16

May.

16

Jun.

16

Jul.

16

Aug.

16

Sept.

16

Oct.

16

Nov.

16

Dec.

16

Jan.

17

2-3 months 4 3 1 <1 1 <1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1
Six months 8 5 4 5 4 4 6 4 3 4 3 3 3 4 6 4
1 year or a year and a half 19 19 23 19 18 19 19 14 16 14 17 16 16 21 18 18
No less than 2 years 21 22 24 22 23 25 20 26 23 23 21 24 20 20 20 22
The crisis will be long and its consequences will be felt for many years 16 17 23 21 21 24 21 25 21 25 25 22 21 18 24 22
It’s difficult to say at the moment how long it will last and how severe it will be 21 24 16 23 22 20 22 22 26 24 22 25 26 26 22 26
It is difficult to say 12 10 10 10 12 8 11 9 11 9 10 9 12 9 9 7

BY WHAT PERCENT HAVE PRICES ON FOOD AND SERVICES THAT YOUR FAMILY PURCHASES RISEN IN COMPARISON WITH LAST YEAR’S PRICES?

Jan.

15

Aug.

15

Sept.

15

Oct.

15

Nov.

15

Jan.

16

Feb.

16

Mar.

16

Apr.

16

Jun.

16

Jul.1

6

Aug.

16

Sept.

16

Oct.

16

Nov.

16

Dec.

16

Jan.

17

Up to 15% 9 13 10 8 7 9 7 6 9 11 11 9 9 11 11 10 15
15%-30% 54 48 52 30 26 26 30 28 28 36 35 35 32 35 35 40 37
30%-50% 34 37 33 31 36 32 31 32 33 33 28 31 30 29
50%-100% 23 27 26 20 19 21 20 19 18 13 14 15 17 14 14 12 10
More than 100% 3 5 4 3 5 4 6 7 5 4 5 3 4 4 4 3 3
It is difficult to say 12 8 8 5 6 7 6 5 7 6 4 5 6 7 6 6 5

IN YOUR OPINION, IN WHICH CURRENCY IS IT CURRENTLY SAFEST AND MOST PROFITABLE TO KEEP YOUR SAVINGS? (one answer)

Dec.11 May.15 Aug.15 Jan.16 Mar.16 Apr.16 May.16 Jun.16 Aug.16 Oct.16 Jan.17
Ruble 47 45 37 26 34 35 35 38 44 39 46
Dollar 6 10 16 15 13 12 11 10 10 10 11
Euro 7 10 10 11 10 9 10 7 7 9 8
Multiple currencies 14 17 23 32 26 26 29 28 24 25 24
It is difficult to say 27 19 14 16 17 17 16 18 16 16 12

APRROXIMATELY WHAT PERCENT OF YOUR FAMILY’S INCOME CURRENTLY GOES TOWARDS PAYING FOR FOOD?

Jun.

91

Feb.

92

Feb.

93

Jan.

94

Feb.

99

Feb.

02

Apr.

04

Apr.

07

Apr.

08

Mar.

09

Apr.

10

Apr.

11

Apr.

12

Apr.

13

Apr.

14

Jan.

15

Jan.

16

Jan.

17

Less than half 6 3 3 4 5 6 11 19 18 21 20 17 23 17 31 20 24 25
Approximately half 20 17 13 12 15 24 32 38 39 36 42 36 38 43 38 41 37 41
Approximately two-thirds 40 20 19 20 21 29 28 25 23 25 23 26 24 25 19 24 22 19
Almost 100% 30 56 62 58 55 37 27 14 14 14 10 15 9 8 7 7 11 7
It is difficult to say 5 3 2 6 4 4 3 4 5 5 5 5 6 7 5 7 7 8

Translated by Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey (formerly  Monterey Institute of International Studies).

ANO Levada Center has been included in the register of noncommercial organizations acting as foreign agents. See the Director of the Levada Center’s statement of disagreement with this decision here.

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