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The February Revolution

This survey took place between 20-23 January 2017 and was conducted throughout all of Russia in both urban and rural settings. The survey was carried out among 1600 people over the age of 18 in 137 localities of 48 of the country’s regions.  The survey was conducted as a personal interview in respondents’ homes. The answer distribution is presented as percentages of the number of participants along with data from previous surveys.

The statistical error of these studies for a selection of 1600 people (with a probability of 0.95) does not exceed:

                3.4% for indicators around 50%

                2.9% for indicators around 25%/75%

                2.0% for indicators around 10%/90%

                1.5% for indicators around 5%/95%

ON 15 MARCH 1917 (2 MARCH ACCORDING TO THE OLD CALENDAR), RUSSIAN EMPEROR NICHOLAS II ABDICATED THE THRONE. 100 YEARS LATER, OPINIONS DIFFER REGARDING THIS EVENT, WHICH PUT AN END TO THE RUSSIAN MONARCHY. WITH WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING POINTS OF VIEW WOULD YOU MOST AGREE? (one answer)

Mar.97 Mar.12 Jan.17
The fall of the monarchy was a progressive step forward for Russia 16 9 13
The fall of the monarchy lead to a loss of Russian national and government glory 23 25 21
The positive and negative consequences of the fall of the monarchy balance each other out 19 18 23
Never thought about it 29 36 32
It is difficult to say 14 12 11

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING OPNIONS REGARDING THE FEBRUARY REVOLUTION IS CLOSEST TO YOUR OWN? (one answer)

Jan.17
The February Revolution of 1917 was itself meaningless and was only the first preliminary step towards the October Revolution 45
The February Revolution opened the door for Russia’s bourgeois-democratic development and its transformation into a country similar to other European nations 21
It is difficult to say 35

WITH WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING OPINIONS REGARDING THE FEBRUARY REVOLUTION OF 1917 WOULD YOU MOST AGREE? (one answer)

Feb.12 Jan.17
The February Revolution was a stepping stone towards the Great October Socialist Revolution, which created the world’s first government of workers and farmers 27 32
The February Revolution weakened Russia, which lead to the October Revolution and the country’s ruin 24 19
If not for the subsequent October Revolution, the February Revolution would have set Russia down a path of progress and democracy, making it equal to today’s most developed countries 13 11
The February Revolution has no great significance in the history of Russia 7 9
It is difficult to say 30 30

RUSSIA HAS WITNESSED VARIOUS FORMS OF GOVERNANCE OVER THE LAST CENTURY, EACH OF THEM AFFECTING THE COUNTRY IN THEIR OWN WAY. IN YOUR OPINION, WHEN WAS LIFE IN RUSSIA THE BEST? (one answer)

Jun.93 Oct.94 Jan.17
Before the 1917 Revolution 20 18 6
Under Stalin 6 8 6
Under Brezhnev 39 41 29
During Perestroika 5 4 2
During the Yeltsin administration 6 4 1
Today, under the Putin administration 32
It is difficult to say 26 24 24

Translated by Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey (formerly  Monterey Institute of International Studies).

ANO Levada Center has been included in the register of noncommercial organizations acting as foreign agents. See the Director of the Levada Center’s statement of disagreement with this decision here.

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