This survey took place between November 22–28, 2018 and was conducted throughout all of Russia in both urban and rural settings. The survey was carried out among 1600 people over the age of 18 in 136 localities of 52 of the country’s regions. The survey was conducted as a personal interview in respondents’ homes. The answer distribution is presented as percentages of the number of participants along with data from previous surveys.
The statistical error of these studies for a selection of 1600 people (with a probability of 0.95) does not exceed:
3.4% for indicators around 50%
2.9% for indicators around 25%/75%
2.0% for indicators around 10%/90%
1.5% for indicators around 5%/95%
IN YOUR OPINION, DO THE MAJORITY OF PEOPLE AROUND YOU USUALLY TELL THE TRUTH OR HIDE THE TRUTH AND LIE? (respondents were presented with a card and could only choose one answer)
|Dec. 10||Aug. 13||Sep. 14||Jul. 15||Jul. 16||Nov. 17||Nov. 18|
|They always/virtually always tell the truth||5||4||6||6||7||15||8|
|They tell the truth for the most part||28||24||33||31||32||34||29|
|They sometimes tell the truth and sometimes hide the truth/lie||47||47||44||40||39||33||36|
|They hide the truth/lie for the most part||14||17||12||15||16||12||21|
|They always/virtually always hide the truth/lie||3||3||1||2||2||3||4|
|It is difficult to say||4||6||5||6||5||5||3|
IN YOUR OPINION, DO GOVERNMENT LEADERS AND OFFICIALS IN HIGH POSITIONS ALWAYS TELL THE TRUTH WHEN THEY DESCRIBE THE STATE OF AFFAIRS IN THE ECONOMY, HEALTHCARE, RETIREMENT BENEFITS, THE FIGHT AGAINST CRIME, AND OTHER IMPORTANT MATTERS? (respondents were presented with a card and could only choose one answer)
|Dec. 10||Aug. 13||Jul.
|Nov. 17||Nov. 18|
|They always/virtually always tell the truth||6||2||4||2||5||2|
|They tell the truth for the most part||15||14||13||12||15||10|
|They sometimes tell the truth and sometimes hide the truth/lie||35||42||34||36||38||33|
|They hide the truth/lie for the most part||30||30||32||30||28||36|
|They always/virtually always hide the truth/lie||9||7||9||12||9||16|
|It is difficult to say||5||5||8||8||6||3|
IN YOUR OPINION, DO PEOPLE NOWADAYS SPEAK HONESTLY ABOUT THEIR OPINIONS ON THE GOVERNMENT AND VLADIMIR PUTIN? OR DO THEY HIDE WHAT THEY REALLY THINK? (respondents were presented with a card and could only choose one answer)
|Feb. 05||Jan. 12||Aug. 13||Sep. 14||Jul. 15||Jul. 16||Nov. 17||Nov. 18|
|Almost everyone speaks honestly||18||13||7||9||16||12||14||15|
|Most people speak honestly||33||30||23||33||32||30||33||26|
|Half speak honestly, the other don’t||23||27||33||32||31||32||29||29|
|Most people hide what they think||18||19||26||18||14||18||15||22|
|Almost everyone hides what they think||4||5||5||3||3||3||3||6|
|It is difficult to say||5||7||6||5||4||5||6||3|
Translated by Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey (formerly Monterey Institute of International Studies).
The ANO Levada Center has been included in the registry of non-commercial organizations acting as foreign agents. Read the Director of the Levada Center’s statement of disagreement with this decision here.