Press-releases

THE CHERNOBYL CATASTROPHE

This survey was carried out June 27–July 4, 2019 with a representative sample of all Russian urban and rural residents. The sample comprised 1608 people age 18 or older from 137 localities in 50 regions of the Russian Federation. The survey was conducted as a personal interview in respondents’ homes. The answer distribution is presented as percentages of the number of participants along with data from previous surveys.

The statistical error of these studies for a selection of 1600 people (with a probability of 0.95) does not exceed:

3.4% for indicators around 50%
2.9% for indicators around 25%/75%
2.0% for indicators around 10%/90%
1.5% for indicators around 5%/95%

ON APRIL 26, 1986 THERE WAS AN EXPLOSION AT THE NUCLEAR POWER PLANT IN CHERNOBYL. HOW DID YOU LEARN ABOUT THIS ACCIDENT? (respondents were presented with a card with a list of answers from which they could choose more than one answer and/or write in their own; ranked in descending order)

  Jun. 19
From the news (newspaper, radio, the press) 58
In school 24
From the accounts of family, friends, and acquaintances 23
From documentary films 14
From social media and the Internet 8
From fictional films / TV shows 7
From books 4
Lived nearby / in the immediate vicinity 1
From parents <1
Other (“I was a responder,” “from games,” “from military recruiters,” etc.) 1
I don’t know anything about this accident 1
It is difficult to say / don’t remember 1

WHAT, IN YOUR VIEW, WAS THE MOST IMPORTANT PROBLEM UNCOVERED BY THE CHERNOBYL CATASTROPHE? (respondents were presented with a card with a list of answers and they could choose only one; ranked in descending order according to June 2019)

  Mar. 06 Mar. 11 Mar. 16 Jun. 19
Technical breakdown in the control system of the reactor 15 21 26 24
The negligence of the operators and maintenance personnel 16 21 19 22
Mistakes in designing the nuclear reactor 9 12 9 17
The suppression of the incident by the authorities 13 7 9 10
A lack of a system of measures to protect people against technological catastrophes 22 17 14 7
Ineffective system of decision-making while managing complicated technical facilities 12 10 10 6
A lack of public control over nuclear facilities 3 3 1 3
Other (“shouldn’t have experimented,” “the human factor,” “environmental degradation,” “nobody talks about the truth for a long time,” etc.) <1 <1 1 1
It is difficult to say 10 9 13 11

DO YOU THINK A CATASTROPHE SIMILAR TO CHERNOBYL CAN OCCUR AGAIN IN RUSSIA IN THE NEAR FUTURE? (one answer)

  Apr. 00 Apr. 01 Mar. 06 Mar. 11 Mar. 16 Jun. 19
Very likely 26 38 14 16 6 8
Quite likely 43 38 45 40 28 22
Not very likely 17 15 25 32 41 46
Almost impossible 4 3 4 4 6 18
It is difficult to say 11 7
12
8
21 7

Translated by Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey (formerly Monterey Institute of International Studies).

The ANO Levada Center has been included in the registry of non-commercial organizations acting as foreign agents. Read the Director of the Levada Center’s statement of disagreement with this decision here.

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