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VICTORY IN WORLD WAR II

This survey was carried out February 20 – 26, 2020 with a representative sample of all Russian urban and rural residents. The sample was comprised of 1614 people age 18 or older from 137 localities in 50 regions of the Russian Federation. The survey was conducted as a personal interview in respondents’ homes. The answer distribution is presented as percentages of the number of participants along with data from previous surveys.

The statistical error of these studies for a selection of 1600 people (with probability of 0.95) does not exceed:

3.4% for indicators around 50%
2.9% for indicators around 25%/75%
2.0% for indicators around 10%/90%
1.5% for indicators around 5%/95%

IN YOUR OPINION, WHAT ARE THE MOST IMPORTANT RESULTS OF VICTORY IN WORLD WAR II? (respondents were provided with a written list of answers, from which they were permitted to select more than one and/or propose their own; ranked in descending order according to February 2020)

  May 05 Apr 08 Mar 10 Apr 13 Apr 14 Mar 15 Feb 20
Destruction of Hitler’s Regime 68 74 64 69 71 70 74
Liberation of Europe from fascist occupation 54 52 49 54 63 54 50
Triumph of ideals of freedom, democracy and human rights over fascist ideology, nationalism, and oppression 21 23 20 23 30 31 19
Peaceful development and growing rapprochement between the peoples of Europe 23 20 22 15 14 16 19
Establishment of the United Nations 9 12 10 7 5 8 17
Establishment of the “Socialist Camp” 16 17 11 14 12 15 16
Widening the Stalinist regime’s sphere of influence in Eastern Europe 7 7 4 5 4 5 9
Strengthening the role of the United States in political and day-to-day life in European countries 4 3 6 3 2 4 4
Other 1 2 2 1 1 <1 2
It is difficult to say 3 4 6 3 2 3 5

WHAT ARE YOUR FEELINGS ABOUT VICTORY DAY? (one answer)

  Mar 10 Mar 15 Apr 18 Apr 19 Feb 20
Happiness that our country was victorious in WWII 39 59 48 48 44
Grief for the millions that perished in WWII 26 18 21 27 22
Both happiness and grief in equal measure 34 21 30 23 33
It is difficult to say 2 1 1 2 1

Translated by Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey (formerly Monterey Institute of International Studies).

The ANO Levada Center has been included in the registry of non-commercial organizations acting as foreign agents. Read the Director of the Levada Center’s statement of disagreement with this decision here.

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