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the most serious problems

This survey was conducted August 20–26, 2020, among a representative sample of all Russian urban and rural residents. The sample was comprised of 1601 people aged 18 or older in 137 municipalities of 50 regions of the Russian Federation. The survey was conducted as a personal interview in respondents’ homes. The answer distribution is presented as percentages of the total number of participants along with data from previous surveys.

The statistical error of these studies for a sample of 1600 people (with a probability of 0.95) does not exceed:

3.4% for indicators around 50%
2.9% for indicators around 25%/75%
2.0% for indicators around 10%/90%
1.5% for indicators around 5%/95%

The ranking of alarming problems is practically unchanged in comparison with the same time last year. The issue of unemployment has moved into second place in the ranking (up 8 p.p.), which is confirmed by the public opinion surveys during the coronavirus pandemic (in April and June 2020, one in four Russians said there were those among their working relatives who were fired or laid off), and the changes in the unemployment index (the index went down in August 2020, which indicates the growth of unemployment fears).

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ISSUES IN OUR SOCIETY WORRY YOU THE MOST, AND WHICH ARE THE MOST SEVERE? (respondents were shown a card from which they could choose more than one answer and/or write in their own; ranked in descending order according to August 2020)

  July
 98
July
 00
July
 05
July
 08
Aug
 13
Aug
 14
Aug
 16
Aug
 17
Aug
 18
Aug
 19
Aug 20
Price increases 40 83 71 82 69 71 72 61 72 59 61
Increase in unemployment 65 51 39 25 36 26 37 33 48 36 44
Poverty/impoverishment of the majority of the population -* 53 45 55 40 47 45 52 42 39
Corruption, bribery 32 30 24 27 39 26 31 33 33 41 38
Lack of access to various kinds of health care 29 31 23 23 22 26 31 30 29
Extreme gap between the rich and poor, income inequality 41 38 27 35 33 30 26 25 30 29 28
Economic crisis, decrease in industrial and agricultural production 57 39 33 29 29 28 31 28 30 24 26
Environmental degradation 24 22 17 23 19 14 11 14 25 24 22
Increasing cost/inaccessibility of education 27 26 20 16 16 13 21 22 20
Rise in drug abuse 29 29 22 14 14 12 18 20 18
Tyrannical government officials 9 10 14 12 11 12 14 16 17
Moral/cultural crisis 26 26 22 26 30 18 16 15 21 18 16
Influx of migrants/immigrants 7 12 27 24 11 10 10 18 16
Weak government 37 16 11 9 9 6 9 10 9 15 14
Lack of truth in the courts 5 7 7 6 6 8 9 13 13
Delays in salary, pension, benefits and other payments 67 19 4 4 3 4 6 6 7 10 10
Rise in crime rates 50 53 29 27 15 8 8 8 15 10 9
Rude/cruel police behavior 6 9 5 5 5 6 7 11 8
Limits on civil rights and democratic freedoms (freedom of speech, freedom of the press) 2 2 3 3 3 4 6 7 7
Rise in nationalism, deterioration of interethnic relations 13 13 4 5 10 11 6 7 7 5 7
Conflicts between different government branches at various levels 12 6 3 2 2 3 3 6 6
The threat of bombings and other terrorist attacks where you live 16 15 4 5 6 8 12 7 5 5
An increased AIDS incidence rate 6 7 2 2 4 8 5
Terrorist attacks in Chechnya and the North Caucasus 2 3 2 3 5 3
Other (“coronavirus,” “the pandemic,” “alcoholism,” “all,” etc.) 2 1 2 3 2 2 2 3 3 4 3
It is difficult to say 2 1 1 1 2 3 2 2 1 1 2

* Not included in the list of possible answers.

Translated by Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey (formerly Monterey Institute of International Studies).

The ANO Levada Center has been included in the registry of non-commercial organizations acting as foreign agents. Read the Director of the Levada Center’s statement of disagreement with this decision here.