Press-releases

Xenophobia

This survey was conducted August 20–26, 2020, among a representative sample of all Russian urban and rural residents. The sample was comprised of 1601 people aged 18 or older in 137 municipalities of 50 regions of the Russian Federation. The survey was conducted as a personal interview in respondents’ homes. The answer distribution is presented as percentages of the total number of participants along with data from previous surveys.

The statistical error of these studies for a sample of 1600 people (with a probability of 0.95) does not exceed:

3.4% for indicators around 50%
2.9% for indicators around 25%/75%
2.0% for indicators around 10%/90%
1.5% for indicators around 5%/95%

TO WHAT EXTENT WOULD YOU ACCEPT JEWISH PEOPLE INTO YOUR LIFE? (one answer)

August 2010 July
 2018
August
 2019
August 2020
As family members 2 6 12 13
As close friends 3 8 10 10
As neighbors 8 13 12 13
As colleagues at work 9 6 7 7
As Russian residents 27 32 28 25
I would allow them into Russia only temporarily 17 11 12 14
I would not allow them into Russia 17 15 12 13
It is difficult to say 16 10 7 6

TO WHAT EXTENT WOULD YOU ACCEPT CHINESE PEOPLE INTO YOUR LIFE? (one answer)

August 2010 July
 2018
August
 2019
August 2020
As family members 1 2 4 5
As close friends 1 5 6 5
As neighbors 5 8 8 9
As colleagues at work 5 4 6 7
As Russian residents 13 20 19 16
I would allow them into Russia only temporarily 30 27 28 30
I would not allow them into Russia 32 27 25 22
It is difficult to say 13 9 5 6

TO WHAT EXTENT WOULD YOU ACCEPT PERSONS OF AFRICAN DESCENT (DARK-SKINNED) INTO YOUR LIFE? (one answer)

August 2010 July
 2018
August
 2019
August 2020
As family members 1 1 2 3
As close friends 1 3 5 4
As neighbors 5 6 5 6
As colleagues at work 5 2 4 4
As Russian residents 15 17 18 17
I would allow them into Russia only temporarily 29 27 31 31
I would not allow them into Russia 26 33 30 28
It is difficult to say 18 10 5 6

TO WHAT EXTENT WOULD YOU ACCEPT PERSONS OF CENTRAL ASIAN DESCENT (TAJIK, UZBEK) INTO YOUR LIFE? (one answer)

August 2010 July 2018 August
 2019
August 2020
As family members 1 2 3 4
As close friends 1 3 4 4
As neighbors 4 6 6 7
As colleagues at work 4 3 4 5
As Russian residents 18 19 22 18
I would allow them into Russia only temporarily 29 30 30 33
I would not allow them into Russia 29 30 29 26
It is difficult to say 13 6 4 4

TO WHAT EXTENT WOULD YOU ACCEPT UKRAINIANS INTO YOUR LIFE? (one answer)

August 2010 July 2018 August
 2019
August 2020
As family members 5 6 11 11
As close friends 4 6 8 7
As neighbors 10 8 10 11
As colleagues at work 6 3 5 5
As Russian residents 31 29 28 23
I would allow them into Russia only temporarily 20 20 19 22
I would not allow them into Russia 13 22 16 19
It is difficult to say 12 7 4 3

TO WHAT EXTENT WOULD YOU ACCEPT ROMANI PEOPLE INTO YOUR LIFE? (one answer)

August
 2010
July
 2018
August
 2019
August 2020
As family members 1 1 2 3
As close friends 1 1 2 2
As neighbors 3 5 5 4
As colleagues at work 2 1 2 1
As Russian residents 24 23 29 23
I would allow them into Russia only temporarily 19 18 16 19
I would not allow them into Russia 35 43 41 44
It is difficult to say 15 8 5 5

TO WHAT EXTENT WOULD YOU ACCEPT CHECHENS INTO YOUR LIFE? (one answer)

August 2010 July
 2018
August
 2019
August 2020
As family members 1 2 3 4
As close friends 1 4 5 5
As neighbors 4 7 7 8
As colleagues at work 3 2 4 3
As Russian residents 22 31 34 32
I would allow them into Russia only temporarily 19 19 16 18
I would not allow them into Russia 38 27 27 26
It is difficult to say 13 9 5 5

IN YOUR OPINION, WHICH POLICIES SHOULD THE RUSSIAN GOVERNMENT ADOPT CONCERNING MIGRANT WORKERS: RESTRICT OR SUPPORT THE INFLOW OF FOREIGN CITIZENS COMING TO RUSSIA FOR WORK? (one answer)

July 2017 July 2018 August 2019 August 2020
Restrict the inflow of migrant workers 58 67 72 73
Support the inflow of migrant workers 6 14 9 11
I do not care 30 17 15 14
It is difficult to say 6 2 4 3

WHAT IS YOUR ATTITUDE TOWARDS THE IDEA OF “RUSSIA FOR RUSSIANS”? (one answer)

Supportive, it should have been implemented long ago It would be good to implement it, but within reasonable limits Negative, it is real fascism I am not interested It is difficult to say
Aug 20 19 32 29 15 5
July 19 23 32 27 13 6
July 18 19 30 30 18 3
July 17 10 30 27 24 9
July 16 14 38 21 21 6
Aug 15 16 35 25 16 8
July 14 18 36 27 14 5
Oct 13 23 43 19 9 6
Nov 12 15 41 23 14 6
Nov 11 19 40 23 11 7
Jan 11 15 43 24 13 5
Nov 09 18 36 32 9 5
Oct 08 15 42 25 12 7
Aug 07 14 41 27 11 7
Aug 06 17 37 28 11 7
Aug 04 22 37 25 12 5
July 02 17 38 28 10 7

Translated by Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey (formerly Monterey Institute of International Studies).

The ANO Levada Center has been included in the registry of non-commercial organizations acting as foreign agents. Read the Director of the Levada Center’s statement of disagreement with this decision here.