About 41% of Russians have been abroad, 20% — in the West. At the same time, no more than 5% of respondents have traveled abroad over the past year. A quarter of Russians have a passport for traveling abroad.
Only 2-3% of Russians have visited the USA. 13-14% have been to Western and Eastern European countries. In total, about 20% of respondents have been to Western countries at least once. About a third of the respondents have visited other countries.
In general, as of August 2022, about 41% of Russians have been abroad. Compared to the previous measurement (2018) this share has grown. At the same time, only 5% of respondents have been abroad in the last 12 months.
Residents of Moscow (62%), cities with a population of more than 500 thousand people (45%) and from 100 thousand to 500 thousand (43%) have been abroad most often.
A quarter of respondents have a valid passport for traveling abroad. For 4 years, the situation has not changed much.
The largest number of respondents with a foreign passport among Muscovites is 40%. In cities with populations from 100 thousand to 500 thousand and more than 500 thousand, 30% of respondents have this document. In cities up to 100 thousand a fifth (21%) have it, and 13% have it in villages.
19% of those who have a passport have an open visa to enter another country. in recent years, their number has halved. Thus, in terms of all respondents, 5% of Russians have a passport with an open visa.
The ANO Levada Center is included in the registry of non-commercial organizations acting as foreign agents.