Relations between the Russian Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church

Compared to 2016, the number of respondents who define the relationship between the ROC and the Catholic Church as “normal, working” decreased by 13%. The share of respondents who believe that under Pope Francis the relations between the two Churches have improved went from 58% to 31%. At the same time, 60% of Russians would react positively to Francis’ visit to Russia.

Church and State

Half of Russians define themselves as religious people. Compared to February 2016, the share of respondents who believe that religious organizations have a great influence on public policy and those who believe that religion should not be in school increased by 12%. 21% (+6%) of Russians support the opinion that the Church and religious organizations should not interfere in public life.

The Role of Institutions

This survey was carried out January 23–29, 2020 with a representative sample of all Russian urban and rural residents. The sample comprised 1603 people age 18 or older from 137 localities in 50 regions of the Russian Federation. The survey was conducted as a personal interview in respondents’ homes. The answer distribution is presented as […]


This survey took place between 12 and 15 February 2016 and was conducted throughout all of Russia in both urban and rural settings. The survey was carried out among 1600 people over the age of 18 in 137 localities of 48 of the country’s regions.  The survey was conducted as a personal interview in respondents’ […]