Press-releases

Xenophobia and Nationalism

The survey took place between 7 and 10 August 2015 and was conducted throughout all of Russia in both urban and rural settings. The survey was carried out among 1600 people over the age of 18 in 134 localities of 46 of the country’s regions. The answer distribution is presented as percentages of the number of participants along with data from previous surveys. The statistical error of these studies does not exceed 3.4%.

DO YOU THINK THAT MASSIVE INTERETHNIC CONFLICT IS POSSIBLE IN RUSSIA CURRENTLY?

 

Jul.

02

Jul.

07

Oct.

08

Nov.

09

Jan.

11

Nov.

11

Nov.

12

Oct.

13

Jul.

14

Aug.

15

Definitely yes

12

13

10

3

15

11

11

17

5

5

Probably yes

37

37

29

20

41

28

32

45

19

20

Probably no

30

32

32

39

28

39

36

24

46

42

Definitely no

12

8

18

25

6

11

11

5

20

23

It is difficult to say

10

10

11

12

11

11

10

9

10

11

DO YOU THINK THAT MASSIVE INTERETHNIC CONFLICT IS CURRENTLY POSSIBLE IN THE REGION WHERE YOU LIVE?

 

Jul.

02

Jul.

07

Oct.

08

Nov.

09

Jan.

11

Nov.

11

Nov.

12

Oct.

13

Jul.

14

Aug.

15

Definitely yes

5

6

4

2

8

6

3

6

2

3

Probably yes

19

16

16

8

22

14

20

19

11

11

Probably no

43

46

41

38

42

40

45

45

45

43

Definitely no

25

22

30

42

21

28

23

19

31

35

It is difficult to say

9

10

10

10

8

12

9

12

11

9

IN YOUR OPINION, SHOULD THERE BE LIMITATIONS ON RESIDENCE IN RUSSIAN TERRITORY FOR…

 

Aug.

06

Aug.

12

Oct.

13

Jul.

14

Aug. 15

All

respondents

Respondents who identify as “Russian nationals”

Respondents who do not identify as “Russian nationals”

 

N=1600

N=1373

N=215

Immigrants from

the Caucasus

42

42

54

38

29

31

16

Immigrants from

former Central Asian

republic of

the Soviet Union

23

35

45

29

29

31

16

Chinese people

41

37

45

33

24

24

24

Gypsies

29

29

32

23

22

23

17

Vietnamese people

35

31

32

27

22

21

24

Ukrainians

7

6

5

8

14

14

11

Jews

13

10

8

8

7

7

9

All nationalities

except Russians

11

13

14

14

15

16

11

There shouldn’t be

limitations on residence

for anyone

25

18

11

21

25

23

39

It is difficult to say

7

9

8

10

10

10

11

HOW DO YOU FEEL ABOUT THE IDEA OF “RUSSIA FOR RUSSIANS”?

 

Aug.

06

Nov.

12

Oct.

13

Jul.

14

Aug. 15

All

respondents

Respondents who identify as “Russian nationals”

Respondents who do not identify as “Russian nationals”

N=1600

N=1373

N=215

I support it – it’s long overdue

17

15

23

18

16

18

8

It would be nice to implement, but with mindful limitations

37

41

43

36

35

37

21

Negatively – it is a genuinely fascist idea

28

23

19

27

25

21

47

It doesn’t interest me

11

14

9

14

16

15

18

It is difficult to say

7

6

6

5

8

8

8

IN YOUR OPINION, ARE RUSSIANS THE SAME KIND OF PEOPLE AS OTHERS, OR ARE THEY A PARTICULAR KIND OF PEOPLE?

 

Mar. 00

Nov. 08

Aug. 15

The same kind of people

63

63

57

A particular kind of people

33

34

40

It is difficult to say

4

2

3

DO YOU SUPPORT THE SLOGAN “STOP FEEDING THE CAUCASUS”?

 

Nov.

12

Oct.

13

Jul.

14

Aug. 15

All

respondents

Respondents who identify as “Russian nationals”

Respondents who do not identify as “Russian nationals”

N=1600

N=1373

N=215

I definitely support it

26

35

19

20

21

16

I probably support it

39

36

33

32

34

23

I probably don’t support it

17

15

23

21

21

22

I definitely don’t support it

6

3

10

9

7

27

It is difficult to say

11

11

15

17

18

14

WHAT DO YOU FEEL TOWARDS IMMIGRANTS FROM SOUTHERN REPUBLICS WHO LIVE IN YOUR CITY OR REGION? (multiple answers given)

 

Dec.

02

Dec.

03

Nov.

05

Nov.

06

Nov.

07

Dec.

08

Dec.

10

Dec.

11

Oct.

13

Jul.

14

Aug.

15

Respect

3

5

2

4

6

4

5

1

3

6

4

Sympathy

5

4

3

4

5

4

4

4

3

6

4

Irritation

25

18

20

18

16

14

14

15

25

17

18

Dislike

28

23

21

15

18

14

15

20

30

20

16

Fear

5

4

6

3

4

2

6

3

6

5

3

No particular

feelings

39

45

50

56

54

61

57

57

39

54

55

It is difficult

to say

4

4

2

3

3

2

4

1

2

1

3

Positive

8

9

5

8

11

8

9

5

7

12

8

Negative

58

45

47

36

38

30

35

38

62

41

37

Indifferent

39

45

50

56

54

61

57

57

39

54

55

IN YOUR OPINION, WHAT POLICY SHOULD THE RUSSIAN GOVERNMENT ADOPT CONCERNING IMMIGRATION: ATTEMPT TO LIMIT THE INFLUX OF IMMIGRANTS; OR REMOVE ADMINISTRATIVE BARRIERS FOR IMMIGRANTS AND ATTEMPT TO USE THEM FOR THE GOOD OF THE COUNTRY?

 

Jul.

02

Oct.

05

Aug.

06

Aug.

07

Oct.

08

Nov.

09

Nov.

11

Aug.

12

Oct.

13

Jul.

14

Aug.

15

Attempt to limit the influx of immigrants

45

59

52

57

52

61

64

70

78

76

68

Remove administrative barriers for immigrants and attempt to use them for the good of the country

44

36

39

32

35

30

28

20

14

16

23

It is difficult

to say

10

6

9

10

13

9

8

10

8

8

9

IN YOUR OPINION, WHAT SHOULD BE DONE WITH ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS FROM “NEAR ABROAD” COUNTRIES?

 

Nov.

06

Nov.

07

Dec.

08

Dec.

10

Dec.

11

Nov.

12

Oct.

13

Jul.

14

Aug.

15

Legalize them and help them to find work and assimilate in Russia

31

35

25

27

20

20

15

19

41

Expel them from Russia

53

50

54

52

57

64

73

64

43

It is difficult to say

17

16

21

21

22

15

13

17

16

DO YOU CURRENTLY FEEL ANY HOSTILITY TOWARDS YOU FROM PEOPLE OF OTHER NATIONALITIES?

 

Jul.

02

Oct.

05

Aug.

06

Aug.

07

Oct.

08

Nov.

09

Aug.

10

Aug.

11

Sept.

12

Oct.

13

Aug.

14

Very often

2

3

2

4

3

1

3

4

4

4

4

Sometimes

8

9

8

11

9

9

13

14

13

13

12

Very rarely

29

26

27

29

26

28

25

27

31

35

31

Never/

almost never

60

61

60

53

58

60

55

50

45

45

51

It is difficult

to say

2

2

3

3

4

2

4

5

7

4

3

DO YOU CURRENTLY FEEL ANY HOSTILITY TOWARDS PEOPLE OF OTHER NATIONALITIES?

 

Jul.

02

Oct.

05

Aug.

06

Aug.

07

Oct.

08

Nov.

09

Aug.

10

Aug.

11

Sept.

12

Oct.

13

Aug.

14

Very often

3

4

3

3

2

1

4

6

4

6

2

Sometimes

9

9

8

9

8

10

15

14

14

14

11

Very rarely

29

25

27

32

32

30

25

26

32

39

38

Never/

almost never

59

60

59

53

55

56

52

49

44

37

46

It is difficult

to say

1

2

3

3

4

3

4

6

6

4

4

IN GENERAL, HOW DO YOU PERCEIVE THE WORD ‘NATIONALISM’?

 

Oct. 09

Sept. 12

Aug. 15

In general, positively

9

13

20

In general, negatively

75

70

64

It is difficult to say

16

16

17

Translated by Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey (formerly  Monterey Institute of International Studies).