Assessments of social well-being in January 2023

Assessments of respondents’ personal well-being remain positive. Most often, respondents say that recently they have gained hope, a sense of pride for their people and confidence in the future. At the same time, the first signs of an increase in negative trends have emerged in the assessments of the mood of others – this is evidenced by the analysis of long-term trends.

In January, the predominant personal feelings of respondents were “hope” (35%), “pride for their people” (34%) and “confidence in the future” (18%). In assessing the feelings of people around them, “pride for their people” (35%) and “hope” (30%) dominate. At the same time, the analysis of long-term trends shows some peculiar features.

For the convenience of displaying and analyzing data in dynamics, the survey results were divided into three enlarged categories: 1) aggression, resentment (bitterness, fear, resentment, despair, envy, resentment for their people), 2) satisfaction, self-affirmation (hope, dignity, confidence, freedom, pride, responsibility), 3) depression, asthenia (fatigue, confusion, loneliness, shame). The data is recalculated for each measurement.

Throughout 2022, positive assessments of personal well-being prevailed, in January the situation did not change: 71% of respondents spoke about satisfaction and self-affirmation. The level of depression and aggression decreased slightly compared to May – to 27% and 28%, respectively.

At the same time, the first signs of an increase in negative trends are noticeable in the assessments of the feelings of others: the proportion of respondents who talk about strengthening positive feelings in others has slightly decreased compared to May last year. At the same time, the proportion of those who talk about the growth of aggression and depression in others has somewhat increased.


The survey by the Levada Center was conducted January 26 – 31 2023, among a representative sample of all Russian urban and rural residents. The sample was comprised of 1616 people aged 18 or older in 137 municipalities of 50 regions of the Russian Federation. The survey was conducted as a personal interview in respondents’ homes. The distribution of responses is given as a percentage of the total number of respondents.

The statistical error of these studies for a sample of 1600 people (with a probability of 0.95) does not exceed:

3.4% for indicators around 50%

2.9% for indicators around 25%/75%

2.0% for indicators around 10%/90%

1.5% for indicators around 5%/95%

The ANO Levada Center is included in the registry of non-commercial organizations acting as foreign agents.



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